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That means that your products must fulfill the intended goal the client expected and the reason that prompted them to buy. This law also caters for every objective that a consumer asks for when the item is bought, and is warranted by the merchant to fulfill that objective when it is in the market.
In the event that a Products is not suitable for a particular use, the Client has the right to revert and obtain a reimbursement or have the Goods exchanged or serviced. Good designs, by their definition, result in secure designs. Whilst fulfilling your statutory requirements is the necessary minimal, it is a good Idea to go further and consider best practices throughout the entire process of designing, producing, supplying and disposing of.
If you are a producer or retailer, you may be subject to liability in all lawsuits for damages suffered by a consumer or business as a consequence of accidental side effects arising or the loss of products produced or delivered by you. The CE marking is a statement by a producer that his products comply with the basic security demands laid down in the applicable EU guidelines.
The CE mark must be affixed to certain types of products if you plan to market them: If you want to resell them within the EU or the member states of the EEA, the following CE-certified products are available: The requirements for CE labelling and the precise procedure you have to go through vary from country to country.
Regulatory action implements a single EU guideline designed to remove technological obstacles to free movement. According to the rules, products that comply with the applicable health and Safety Norms are CE labelled and can be placed on the EEA shelves. It is the manufacturers' sole responsability for complying with these rules.
When you deliver products that do not fall under these particular guidelines, they must not bear the CE mark. They still have a general obligation, however, to make sure that they are fit for purpose or reasonably predictable under the General Product Safety Regulations 2005. You can buy your own brand of pyrotechnic products all year round in stores with a licence.
When you deliver or resell pyrotechnic articles or organize displays, you need to be conscious of your responsibility. When manufacturing or importing categories 1, 2 or 3 pyrotechnic articles produced outside the EU, you must make sure that they comply with EU security norms before delivering them for retail to the general public. 3.
For this purpose, you must make sure that the firework has been inspected by a designated authority (NB). As soon as they have been authorised by the NL, the products must bear the CE marking and be properly marked with information on the producer and importers. Pyrotechnic articles of Class 3 shall not be permitted to cause more than 120 dB of fire.
Pyrotechnic articles of class 4 not destined for delivery to the consumer must be labelled accordingly. When importing pyrotechnic articles, you must make sure that they meet EU security norms, bear the CE marking and provide information at the entrance to make sure that pyrotechnic articles are properly stowed and delivered.
Approval bodies may require information on the handling of pyrotechnic articles containing more than 50 kg of explosives. In order to be able to sell your firecrackers to the general public, you must either sign up your store or obtain a license from your municipality. Merchants are forbidden to resell hats, snapshots of crackers, news games, parties pops, snakes and discards to anyone under the ages of 16 and to resell all other pyrotechnic articles to anyone under the ages of 18 - it is advisable to provide evidence of aging.
They can only market pyrotechnic articles that comply with EU security norms, bear the CE marking and comply with certain sound requirements. They must also deliver the firework with all security information of the producer or importers. Firework crates may not be separated and may not be purchased individually. If you don't have a license, you can only buy pyrotechnics in the week before the campfire night, New Year's Eve, Diwali and Chinese New Year.
The HSE website provides a check list for assessing the risks associated with the stocking of pyrotechnic articles and information on the stocking and sale of pyrotechnic articles in stores. BETWEEN firecracker ressources and security regulations on the National Archives website. Cosmetics products delivered in the UK, whether for consumers or commercial use, must conform to the European Cosmetics Regulation 1223/2009, which entered into effect on 11 July 2013.
REACH also imposes the obligation to carry out health and safety-assessments for the products in Annex I. REACH obliges you to inform the European Commission about each cosmetic products via the Cosmetic Products Notification Portal (CPNP). The Cosmetic, Toiletry and Perfumery Association (CTPA) provides a listing of security officers. Every toy delivered in the United Kingdom shall comply with the provisions of the 2011 Toy (Safety) Regulations.
It defines a plaything as "any device conceived or intended for use in play by a child under the age of 14, with the exception of devices listed in Annex 3 [of the Regulations]". The text of Directive 2009/48/EC on the safe use of playthings. Every playthings offered for sales in the United Kingdom must carry the mark of conformity and the name and adress of the individual who first placed the playthings on the UK shelves.
CE marking is a statement by the producer that the device meets the basic security requirement and may be marketed within the EU. Trade agents for norms set by your authorities can take a toys off the shelves if they think it is not safe. Once you produce a toyman' s play equipment properly - and the standard covers all aspect of the toyman' s work - it can be certificated itself.
Wherever the standard does not address all aspect of the product, a specimen shall be presented for prototype testing by an accredited entity. When importing your playthings, you are in charge of their security, whether or not they already carry a CE marking. They should consider having them checked to make sure they're secure.
There are other acts regarding the security of children: The general rules on general products security are laid down in the General Regulations on Products Security 2005 (GPS Regulations). It applies to all products (new and used) used by users. Counterfeit protection remains a priority in areas where regulations have similar aims to GPS regulations.
GPS regulations retain the general obligation of manufacturers and dealers only to place (or supply) products on the market if they are considered secure under conditions of ordinary or reasonably predictable use. Primary accountability for the daily implementation of the regulations rests with the regional government. GPS regulations recognize certain technological norms as conforming to the assumption of conformance with the general security requirements, which means that products complying with them are considered secure.
The RAPEX system is the EU system for the early warning of hazardous products, with the exclusion of foodstuffs, medicines and medicinal products which fall under other schemes. To facilitate the swift information sharing between Member States and the Commission on actions to avoid or reduce the placing on the market or use of products presenting a serious risk to the protection of the public's health and/or safety.
RAPEX notifies both actions ordered by Member State administrations and actions taken on a voluntary basis by manufacturers and traders. In the event that a device (e.g. a toys, child care item or domestic appliance) is classified as hazardous, the appropriate regulatory body shall take appropriate steps to remove the hazard. She can take the item off the shelves, call it back or give a warning.
This national contact point shall then inform the European Commission (Directorate-General for Health and Consumer Protection) of the products, the hazards they pose to the consumer and the action taken by the Agency to avoid risk and spills. Each week, it issues summaries of hazardous products and risk elimination policies on the web.
National contact points in each EU Member State shall make sure that competent public bodies verify that the new hazardous notification is available on the relevant markets. In this case, the public authority shall take action to remove the hazard, either by demanding that the device be removed from the commercial register, by withdrawing it from the consumer or by giving warning.
Each week an outline of the hazardous products notified by the Member States' administrations (the RAPEX notifications) is posted on the Commission's website. When you are worried about the security of a given item, please contact the dealer, producer or the public advice hotline: 03454 04 05 06. Every company needs to make sure that the products they bring to the market are secure, but if a security problem is later discovered, a scheduled approach is crucial to respond in a timely manner and effectively.
Designed by BSI, the British National Standards Body, it features substantial contributions from commercial standards, fire and emergency services, consumers interest groups and sector associations. Generic corporate guidance on remedial action, as well as recall action, is also provided by the Prosafe Forum of Europe. It is a non-mandatory manual backed by Member States' Member State regulators and EU consumers and traders associations.
Manufacturers and retailers must notify their respective authorities (usually the Trade Standards Department). Guide to insecure corporate alerts (PDF, 326K). Considering the security aspect of your products from the beginning can help reduce your liability, as it may be simpler for you to meet present and upcoming laws if your products are lighter to manufacture, use, service and discard.
Focussing on the research and designing of your products in the early phases of your project can also increase your competitive edge in several ways: As you create your products, make sure that manufacturers and users are not harmed by the material or processing used.
As soon as a specimen of your products is operational, verify this: If you are disposing of a component, make sure that the parts and material can be disassembled without damaging it or emitting poisonous or noxious material. Make sure that no poisonous or noxious material is released during the recovery of parts or material.
Packing comprises all products that are used for the reception, protection, handling, delivery or presentation of goods. Verify that your package is safe to use. Packing should help keep your products safe during transport and prevent your customers from possible injuries. Chemical products, either chemical or mixture, must be categorised, identified and packed in accordance with this Regulation before being placed on the Community markets.
Find out more about CLP labeling and packing security concerns for chemical products on the website of the European Chemical Agency (ECHA). If you want to carry hazardous goods, you must take further measures. It is a crime for producers to deliver insecure products. You may also be held civilly responsible for damages caused by such products, which may lead to expensive litigation.
Under the Consumer Protection Act 1987, producers are held severely responsible for deaths, injuries, losses or damages resulting from faulty (unsafe) products. When an end result contains a flaw in a particular part, both the producer and the producer can be held responsible. Please feel free to browse and print the Consumer Protection Act 1987 Guidelines on Consumer Protection.
No other supplier, such as a wholesaler or retailer, is responsible unless it does not personally recognise the manufacturer when requested to do so by a damaged individual. They should take affirmative actions to control the security of their products. They should also ensure that you are insured against civil responsibility when you make or fix products, and possibly when you are selling them.
The Association of British Insurers website can be visited to help you downloading a small business third party indemnity policy guide. Please follow the link below for more information on products and services, products and services. They are encouraged by the Council to better understanding the business case and to include it in their strategy. For more information, please consult the website of the Design Council.
The BSI offers useful information on norms, certifications and laws as well as extensive information on CE labelling. For more information on BSI norms, visit the BSI website.