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Some babies learn to run too slowly
Babies with good growth begin to run on averages at the age of 10-14 month. Babies with articular hyper-mobility, low muscular tonus, Down's disease and those prematurely or autistically susceptible to birth often begin to run later. As a general guideline, if an infant does not leave within 18 month, an evaluation by a paediatric physiotherapist or paediatrician is important to determine why the child does not leave.
Though the age of self guided walks is not crucial, it is important that babies who learn to walk too late have a lot of upstanding, supporting stand and going to hold down pieces of equipment (often referred to as children's cruises). This activity helps to form the hips, strengthens the musculature of the legs, trains equilibrium and provides the child with an erect viewing sensation.
Autonomous gait is associated with linguistic evolution. Babies who have recently learnt to Walk on their own often have a speech boost: An infant who can share its needs, preferences, and aversions has less difficulty regulating emotions and fewer fits of anger. Babies with overall retardation and particular gene dysfunctions that influence locomotor function may experience delays in achieving their locomotor cues.
Retarded gait is caused by the basic co-ordination problems associated with a particular disease, but it is also caused by the motivations for movement and research, as well as articular flexibility (hypermobility) and muscular tension or fragility, often associated with articular flexibility. Premature babies often achieve the benchmarks in seated, standing and walking 1-2 month later than normal, even if a correct age is used.
Babies with articular hyper-mobility, low muscular tonus and Down syndrome can take a while to achieve the stagnant, intersecting and self-contained gait mile-stones. Hyper-mobile and low-pitched babies often have some infirmity and narrowness in the pelvic tendons that influence their capacity to draw to a standstill. Often they stay with their limbs far apart and their feet twisted.
Hyper-mobile babies may have a deficiency in the ankles, especially if they have a tendency to stay with their legs turned out. Extremely delicate, very careful babies often hesitate to break new ground and leave their own comfortable area. Often they are less energetic and not driven to stop, to push their equilibrium by grabbing toys, to kick holes while sailing, or to let go of supports while still in position.
Babies with good locomotor function will stretch their knees and put heavy weights on their toes when kept in an erect posture from the age of 5-6 years. A group of babies do not stretch their knees when kept in an erect posture. When a baby aged 8-10 month does not take weights on his leg in an erect posture, it is important to have physiotherapy to help solve any problems with movement controls, power and agility.
Babies with good musculoskeletal function, power and suppleness begin to receive manual assistance at the age of 8-10 month. Preterm babies are on the average 1-2 month later, even when using the adjusted age. During this phase, it is important to develop your power, equilibrium management and co-ordination. Dragging to the point of sitting reinforces the musculature of the legs and torso and exercises instability and equilibrium management.
The first time babies start learning to hold their hands, their equilibrium is bad and they tip over slightly. With a little practise, however, they soon start to raise their hands and grab toys. Babies with good equilibrium and muscular power are able to flex their elbows and grab toys. Babies standing with their feet far apart, locking their elbows back and not shifting weights from one to the other often need to perform exercises that motivate them to flex their elbows to reinforce the musculature of their feet so that they are able to make the small adaptations to the elbow posture necessary for good equilibrium.
As soon as babies have a good equilibrium while standing supported, they begin to take footsteps to the side and go by stopping at pieces of furniture. Here are some of the ways in which babies can help themselves. The early gait exercise teaches the child to move his/her body mass to one foot and take one stride with the other. The child improves its capacity to compensate and brace the torso with one foot with each stride.
When their equilibrium and self-confidence grow, babies begin to close holes and can even let go briefly. Extending to the next level of assistance gives the baby another way to enhance his or her equilibrium. Toddlers also love to push a stool or a speaker forward. These activities are another way for the child to increase his or her equilibrium and strengthen his or her legs.
Babies usually do not begin to run without assistance before they can become independent. It takes a good sense of equilibrium and some guts. When an infant is not ready to let go and be alone, it is helpful to offer many ways to hold on to instable props and actions that promote let go because both of one' s own hand is needed to reach a desirable destination.
What is important is that the infant is able to flex its elbows, extend its arm and keep its neck up when falling. Infants who have a bad equilibrium when they stand and have a tendency to keep their feet stiff in order to keep themselves supported often tip over like a bar and knock their skulls over.
Your child should have been seen by a doctor to verify that the pelvis is in good health and that it is sure that your child is participating in a programme of exercise to help support the legs when they stand or walk. When your child has a significant retardation, referring him or her to physiotherapy is recommended.
If this is not possible, the amount of exercise your child can do can be an advantage. A few babies need additional exercise to be able to learn how to be supportive and grab in all senses.